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Planet Earth is growing vertiginously and has begun to live above its means and resources.
FAO has calculated that: "Productivity of the agricultural sector must grow by 70% by 2050 to guarantee food for all". Agritech is exactly what it takes to overcome the challenge that modernity imposes on us.
Agritech, the hi-tech break of agriculture
Technology has always been an important part of agriculture: a tractor is a technological innovation as a fertilizer. But today there are new cutting-edge technologies that invest the agricultural sector and the entire supply chain, opening the door to a wave of innovation that some call the third agricultural revolution.
When we talk about agritech (agriculture technology) we refer to the set of advanced technologies used in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture in order to improve performance, efficiency and profitability.
The protagonists of this new agricultural era are the Internet of Things (IoT), drones, cameras, sensors and robots, all tools that are increasingly used on farms and which are destined to radically transform agricultural activities and the work of farmers in the fields.
What is precision agriculture?
Even if we are at the beginning, this new trend attracts the attention of the entire world, more and more interested in make the primary sector more productive and sustainable.
How do we do that? One of the answers to this question is precision agriculture, which is an integrated system of methodologies and technologies designed to increase plant production, quality and productivity of a farm,
based on the ambition to "do the right thing, in the right place at the right time, with the right amount ", respecting the real needs of plants.
If in traditional agriculture the farmer has to guess, on the basis of his experience, the needs of the crops - how much water, how fertilizer, which parasitic attacks -, today, thanks to modern technologies, the needs of plants can be measured and calculated in precise way, plant by plant.
Modern technologies make available to farms, increasingly advanced tools that can offer great benefits in terms of efficiency and costs.
For example, more and more farmers are using drones to map fields
, monitor crops and identify problems such as the presence of rodents, lice.
Sophisticated sensors inserted into the ground can give, in real time, data such as soil, air and humidity levels, allowing farms to predict harvest time, improve plant health and plan irrigation times.
In addition to these tools, we can also find devices and platforms that allow remote control of cultivation or instrumentation
- which saves time and money - and big data
- that can be acquired and processed in a few seconds – useful to make, in real time, practical decisions to improve the profitability of the crop.
Moreover, thanks to technologies such as augmented reality, the 2.0 farmers can know the state of health of the crops, visualize the state of growth of the plants, and even verify the nutritional values of the fruits produced.
What is happening in our countryside is a real revolution. The development of agritech and the effectiveness of precision agriculture will lead us to a more efficient and profitable production but also to a greater respect for man, food and environment.